AEM Interview Questions & Answers One Should Know

Digitalization has become a buzz word in the business world and it plays an essential role in order to retain old customers, attracting new customers, and keep the business growing. Content management has occupied a major role in this modern era of business operations. If you are about to start your career in a popular Content Management Systems suite like Adobe Experience Manager and wish to explore new things in the marketing world, then congratulations! In order to help you crack the AEM interview in the very first attempt, we have prepared a list of top AEM Interview Questions and answers here after deep research.

The constant innovations in technology have created an urgency for shifting the traditional marketing strategies into digital strategies or online marketing.  Leveraging digital content sources such as infographics, images, videos, documents and apps is the best way to share information with customers.  Adobe Experience Manager is an advanced and widely deployed CMS tool which helps organizations in building their online presence and reaching customers with the right information in an innovative and simplified way.

By the end of this Adobe CQ5 interview questions blog, you will surely gain the knowledge to crack the AEM interview.  Let’s get into the details of frequently asked AEM interview questions and answers part.

Top AEM Interview Questions and Answers:

1) What is the Adobe Experience Manager (AEM)?

AEM is a comprehensive content management solution developed by Adobe. It is one of the advanced and widely deployed content management suites for managing digital assets and websites. Using the AEM tool organizations can simplify digital asset management with features like document management, social engagement, community portals, and options to manage user-generated content.

AEM acts as a central workstation for the creative teams and simplifies their day-to-day tasks. This tool allows the marketing teams to connect from the different parts of the world and helps them in delivering the right information to the targeted audience through different channels.

2) What are the modules available in AEM?

AEM simplifies website content delivery and management through the following modules. Each module comes with a set of features and executes the assigned tasks. Following are the different modules available in AEM:

    1. Sites
    2. Asset Management
    3. Mobile
    4. Forms
    5. Community

3) Name the technologies behind AEM?

AEM has been built upon the following technologies:

    1. JCR
    2. Apache Sling
    3. OSGi (Apache Felix)

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4) What do you know about Sightly?

Sightly is a new HTML templating engine in AEM 6.0 and designed to replace JSP and ESP. The main reason behind using Sightly in AEM is to produce code that is readable, maintainable, and secure while separating Markup and logic.  

5) What is Adobe Marketing Cloud?

Adobe Marketing Cloud is a platform that helps organizations with the power to get deep customer insights, build personalized campaigns, and allows them to manage content and assets. Adobe marketing cloud lets you bring together data and content into one place, and helps you build exceptional customer experiences.  

6) What is AEM Dispatcher?

The dispatcher is a caching and/or load balancing tool in Adobe Experience Manager. It also acts as a guard for AEM servers and protects them from all kinds of attacks. The dispatcher caches as much content as possible, so it eliminates the need to access the layout engine. Dispatchers distribute the computational load across multiple instances of AEM. It improves the processing power of AEM by distributing the computational load.  

7) What is a Content Management System?

A Content management system is a software application or a group of integrated programs that simplifies the task of managing a website’s digital content. In simple words it allows the users to upload, edit and delete content from a website without having any technical or programming knowledge.

8) What is a replication Agent?

The replication agents are central to AEM and perform the following functions:

    1. Publishes content
    2. Flushes content from the Dispatcher cache.

9) What are the key benefits of using AEM?

Following are the major benefits of using adobe experience manager:

    1. Simple Digital Asset Management (DAM).
    2. Creative Cloud Integration
    3. Improved Search
    4. Better Task Management
    5. Visual Media Conversion
    6. Efficient Video Management
    7. Personalized Content delivery.

10) Name the interfaces available in AEM?

Following are the different interfaces available in AEM:

    1. Apache Felix
    2. CRX Delite
    3. Etc/Tool
    4. Site Admin
    5. CRX Explorer

11) What are Clintlibs in AEM? 

Websites these days largely rely on client-side processing for JavaScript and CSS code. Client-libs is an advanced feature in AEM that effectively manages the website’s client-side resources like CSS, JavaScript, fonts, images, etc.

12) What is a “Package” in AEM?

A Package is a zip file that holds repository content in the form of file-system serialization. This presents an easy way to use and edit files and folders. Packages in AEM are used to import or export repository content. For instance, one can use packages to install new functionality, data exchange between instances, and backup repository content.                                                                                                                                                       

13) Name the actions that can be performed using AEM Packages?

Following are the various actions that can be performed using Packages in AEM:

  • Creation of new packages and defining parameters
  • Build packages
  • Preview packages
  • View packages contents
  • View package information
  • Make changes to existing packages
  • Rewrap packages
  • Rebuild existing packages
  • Download packages from Adobe Experience Manager to  your file system
  • Deploy packages into local AEM instances from the file system.
  • Recheck packages content before installation
  • Install & delete packages

14) What is “Parsys” in AEM?

The word “Parsys” is a short form of Paragraph Systems and one of the widely used features in AEM to add additional functionality to a page. In layman words, it is a feature that allows the AEM authors to add extra functionalities to a page. An author can select any component from a range of groups and drag it into a Parsys and make it visible on the page. 

15) What is AEM Dispatcher?

The dispatcher in AEM is a caching tool that can be used along with an enterprise-class web server. It stores the cached files on a web server. When a user requests a cacheable document then the dispatcher instantly checks whether the document is in the web server’s file system or not. After checking it performs the following functions:

  • If the document is available then the Dispatcher returns the file.
  • If the document is unavailable on the file system then the dispatcher requests it from the AEM instance.

16) What is AEM Multi-Site Manager?

The AEM Multi-Site Manager is an advanced feature that allows organizations in creating and managing sites for different countries, markets, and regions using the same or different content. The multi-site manager allows AEM developers to create a copy of a current site and automatically updates the site whenever any changes take place to the source site.

Advantages of using MSM:-

  • Makes it easy to manage different websites that share the same content.
  • Developers can easily define relations between sites so that the content changes in a single site automatically reflect in all sites.
  • Drastically minimizes the time taken to manage sites and increase re-use of common content.
  • Manage common look & feel across multiple websites. 

17) What is REST?

REST is an architectural style that provides standards between the systems on the internet and provides a seamless communication process. The REST is typically used to design and develop interactive applications that use web services.

18) Who is an Author in AEM?

An AEM author is a professional who has access to the authoring environments and performs activities like content creation, modification, and deletion. The typical authoring responsibilities tasks include adding text, images, videos, and design layouts.

19) What is the latest version of AEM?

The latest version of AEM is 6.5

20) How many modes of screens are there in AEM and what are they?

There are two different modes of Screens available in AEM and they are:

  • Touch UI (editor.html)
  • Classic UI (cf#)

21) What is the major difference between Classic UI and Touch UI?

Before the release of AEM 6.3, everyone was using classic UI, where editing components in mobile was not possible. Whereas the Touch UI allows the users to edit page properties, and components, on mobile, desktop, and tablet.

22) What is DAM in AEM?

DAM is a short form of Digital Asset Management (DAM) in AEM. It acts as a central hub for storing and organizing digitals assets such as images, video files, music files, etc. Moreover, DAM simplifies the process to connect digital content to the web experience.

23) What are the different modes of Page Viewing?

There are three modes available for Page Viewing:

  1.  View as published(wcmmode)
  2. Edit mode (wcmeditmode)
  3. Preview Mode

24) What are the different tabs available in Page Properties?

Tabs in Page Properties are 

  • Basic Tabs
  • Advanced tabs
  • Cloud setting tabs 
  • Custom tabs

25) What is a vanity URL?

A vanity URL is a long URL that has been converted into a shorter, and easy to remember. This Vanity URL is majorly used to redirect URLs from one location to another. 

26) What is on-time and Off Time in AEM?

Following are the core differences between On-time and Off-Time:

On-Time: This is the specific date and time at which the published page goes live.

Off Time: This is the specific time and date at which the published page becomes invalid or deactivated.

27) Name the different types of templates in AEM?

The Templates available in AEM are:

  • Page Templates – Static
  • Page Templates – Editable
  • Adaptive Template Rendering
  • Content Fragment Templates

28) What do you know about Experience Fragments in AEM?

The Experience Fragments feature in AEM allows the authors to reuse the content across multiple site pages and third-party systems. This feature allows sending the right content to the right audience.

29) What is the use of Tags in AEM?

Tags are the simple methodology to classify content within a Website. The example of tags includes labels, keywords, attached to an asset, or a page. Tags simplify the process to find specific content on a website.

30) Define Workflow in AEM?

In AEM, a workflow is a pre-configured sequence of steps that helps the users to automate various tasks on the AEM instance.

Conclusion​

The digitization has become mandatory for the organizations to sustain in the long-run. This has made huge demand for digital content management solutions like AEM. The wide deployment rate of AEM tools has created more job opportunities for the skilled professionals. Hope you find this AEM interview questions and answers blog useful. You can also check out our AEM tutorial to gain strong foundational knowledge of AEM Platform. Happy learning!

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